Oct 15

Usually, but not necessarily, Open Skies agreements are supported by countries whose domestic airlines do not have a strong position in the airline market and have a tight budget for development, which means that they cannot fully meet existing or potential demand from foreign consumers and tourists. Open Skies aircraft can be equipped with video, optical panoramic and framing cameras for daylight photography, infrared line scanners for day/night capability and synthetic aperture radar for day/night capability in all weathers. The quality of the photographic image allows the recognition of important military equipment (for example. B the distinction between a tank and a lorry by a Member State), which allows for significant transparency of the armed forces and activities. Sensor categories may be added and capacities improved in agreement between Member States. All sensors used in Open Skies must be commercially available to all signatories. [2] Image resolution is limited to 30 centimeters. [8] [Citation needed] The original agreement was signed on April 30, 2007 in Washington, D.C. The agreement entered into force on 30 March 2008. The second phase was signed in June 2010 and provisionally applied pending ratification by all signatories. [2] The EU-US Open Skies Agreement is an open-skies agreement between the European Union (EU) and the United States (USA). The agreement allows any european union airline and any U.S.

airline to fly between any point in the European Union and any point in the United States. EU and US airlines are allowed to fly to another destination in another country after their first stopover (Fifth Freedom Rights). Since the EU is not treated as a single territory for the purposes of the agreement, this means in practice that US airlines can fly between two EU points as long as that flight is the continuation of a flight that started in the US (e.B. New York – London – Berlin). EU airlines are also allowed to fly between the US and non-EU countries that are part of the European Common Aviation Area, such as Switzerland. EU and US airlines can operate all cargo flights under seventh freedom rights, meaning that US airlines` pure cargo flights can be operated from one EU country to any other country (including another EU country) and EU airlines` pure cargo flights can be operated between the US and any other country. country. [1] Norway and Iceland joined the agreement from 2011 and their airlines enjoy the same rights as EU airlines. [2] Under the agreement, London Heathrow was opened to full competition. . . .

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